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Considering Colonialism: The Contentious Drafting History and Politics of the International Criminal Court

المصدر: مجلة الاستراتيجية والتنمية
الناشر: جامعة عبدالحميد بن باديس مستغانم - كلية العلوم الاقتصادية والتجارية وعلوم التسيير
المؤلف الرئيسي: Harris, Morgan (Auth)
المجلد/العدد: مج9, عدد خاص
محكمة: نعم
الدولة: الجزائر
التاريخ الميلادي: 2019
الشهر: سبتمبر
الصفحات: 10 - 21
DOI: 10.34276/1822-009-999-002
ISSN: 2170-0982
رقم MD: 1007385
نوع المحتوى: بحوث ومقالات
اللغة: الإنجليزية
قواعد المعلومات: EcoLink
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المستخلص: Since the early days of its formation, scholars and policy-makers have scrutinized the International Criminal Court for a supposed “African bias” in its investigations and prosecutions. Despite evidence linking the colonization of Africa to modern-day warfare and civil conflict, the International Law Commission removed “colonization” and “colonial domination” from a list of proposed international crimes that could be prosecuted in the International Criminal Court. A textual analysis of the early ICC drafting documents (Yearbooks of the International Law Commission) reveals how and why the Commission removed the colonization charge during the creation of the ICC. The analysis finds that there was overwhelming international support for a colonization charge during the early drafting days. The charge was omitted only after effective lobbying from the Special Rapporteur from France in the mid-1990s. An examination of the Commission debates reveals how the justification for the omission was based upon of a limited understanding of the devastating effects of colonization.

ISSN: 2170-0982