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أثر التطرف في التوازن الاستراتيجي للشرق الأوسط

العنوان بلغة أخرى: The Impact of Extremism on the Strategic Balance of the Middle East
المصدر: مجلة الكوفة للعلوم القانونية والسياسية
الناشر: جامعة الكوفة - كلية القانون
المؤلف الرئيسي: عبيس، رشا يحيى (مؤلف)
المجلد/العدد: مج12, ع39
محكمة: نعم
الدولة: العراق
التاريخ الميلادي: 2019
التاريخ الهجري: 1440
الشهر: شباط
الصفحات: 227 - 254
DOI: 10.36323/0964-012-039-011
ISSN: 2070-9838
رقم MD: 1033699
نوع المحتوى: بحوث ومقالات
اللغة: العربية
قواعد المعلومات: EcoLink, IslamicInfo
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المستخلص: Through the above and our study of the issue of extremism and its impact on the strategic balance of the Middle East, we find that the emergence of extremism through the political or social, economic or intellectual reasons to create a new environment of balance in the region has given an important role of some regional powers to play an active role we find prominence The Turkish role, where Turkey considered the Syrian crisis as a valuable opportunity for them to support armed groups, which allows them to reach an important regional position, even though they claim the fight (calling) Despite the emergence of reports about the passage of terrorists in the country during the process of entry and exit from Syria and tolerance of the arrested extremists, and it is trying to play an important regional role in the strategic balance of the region and supports Russia as well as Iran and its interventions in many countries in the region and benefit from The situation in order to play a regional role and seek to strengthen its position and through these interventions in addition to its nuclear program, which terrifies the countries of the region, especially the Gulf States, which is always trying to highlight its position that this balance with the support of America and does not seek Israel and try to have a role Especially impressive Strategic ally of America, either for Iraq and Syria, it has become Square In order to eliminate this balance and axis tries to prove the most prominent role in the balance, we find that the appearance of extremism created a balance and other prominent forces in the region, such as Russia and strengthening the relations - Turkish - Turkey which is also a NATO member to the presence of the United States of America, Is the most prominent element in the creation of the state of extremism and terrorism and sought to impose its control over the region under the pretext of confronting and combating terrorism. 1. Building an intellectual system capable of facing extremism and promoting tolerance. 2. Eliminate unemployment and give job opportunities for young people and work on developing strategies and plans for the development and creation of employment opportunities and the exploitation of their applications positively. 3. Addressing negative social and economic factors such as corruption, supporting democratic institutions, dialogue, respect for religions and fundamental freedoms, combating intolerance and discrimination, and supporting mutual respect, coexistence and harmonious relations between ethnic, religious and linguistic groups. The peaceful settlement of conflicts and the resolution of existing problems. 4. As for the strategic balance, we see that extremism has created a new kind of balance in the region, which has been positive for some countries, which has led to become active and influential forces in the region. For example, Turkey and Iran have played active roles. I see the role of other countries such as the Gulf countries While others such as Iraq and Syria have become poisonous to balance and play roles in the region. 5. The role of the great powers such as the United States of America and Russia in activating extremism and benefiting from it in order to restore balance in the region to serve their interests as we find the Russian-Turkish alliance in addition to Iran on the one hand and the American Gulf on the other, thus creating opportunities and the rotation of countries with regional effectiveness - and Iran) and create an environment conducive to international intervention, especially America and Russia

ISSN: 2070-9838