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تأثير تحولات النظام الدولي على الدول الصغرى: أفغانستان نموذجا 2001-2014 م.

العنوان بلغة أخرى: The Impact of the Changes of the International System on Small Countries: Afghanistan Model 2001-2014
المصدر: مجلة البحوث المالية والتجارية
الناشر: جامعة بورسعيد - كلية التجارة
المؤلف الرئيسي: النعيمي، راشد حمد (مؤلف)
المجلد/العدد: ع2
محكمة: نعم
الدولة: مصر
التاريخ الميلادي: 2017
الصفحات: 347 - 367
DOI: 10.21608/JSST.2017.59496
ISSN: 2090-5327
رقم MD: 1027376
نوع المحتوى: بحوث ومقالات
اللغة: العربية
قواعد المعلومات: EcoLink
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المستخلص: The international regime underwent major changes after the end of the Second World War in 1945 (almost the middle of the last century), when the United States emerged victorious and established itself as the "leader" of the world, a superpower almost completely monopolized. The international order of the era of polar polarity, which lasted nearly half a century (the first half of the twentieth century), moved to the era of the universal monarchy, that is, an international superpower that controlled it, which occurred in the period from 1945 to 1955, during which time it was born The new era of the balance of power between two parties: the Western bloc led by the United States of America and the Eastern bloc led by the Soviet Union, which led naturally to the birth of a bipolar system from 1955 until the end of 1991, which saw the end of the official disintegration of the Soviet Union And its reduction in a major country Is not a superpower, namely, (Russia). The third stage is the return of the unipolar system led by the United States of America from the end of 1991 after the end of the Soviet Union and its departure from the international system until the end of 2011 (the year of the Arab revolutions, or as they call it the "Arab Spring"). Where the problems and crises in the Arab region and the Middle East [part of the Arab region with a number of neighboring countries including (Iran, Pakistan, Turkey and Ethiopia), and others. Since the eruption of these revolutions by the end of 2010 in Tunisia, and then in January 2011 in Egypt, and then March in Libya, Yemen ...], and the Arab region has become beset by problems and crises without borders, but the most important labor is: the birth of a new international system is crystallizing The most important of which is its translation in practice, embodied in several cases, the most important of which are the Syrian crisis, the Ukrainian crisis, the Libyan crisis, and so forth.

ISSN: 2090-5327