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الاساس للاختلاف في تعريف القياس

المصدر: مجلة دار الإفتاء المصرية
الناشر: دار الافتاء المصرية
المؤلف الرئيسي: عبدالعظيم، عبدالسلام عبدالفتاح (مؤلف)
المجلد/العدد: ع 6
محكمة: نعم
الدولة: مصر
التاريخ الميلادي: 2010
التاريخ الهجري: 1431
الشهر: أكتوبر
الصفحات: 78 - 109
رقم MD: 167121
نوع المحتوى: بحوث ومقالات
قواعد المعلومات: IslamicInfo
مواضيع:
رابط المحتوى:
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المستخلص: This research paper is a study of the reasons that have led to differences of opinion between legal theorists concerning the definition of qiyas [analogical reasoning]. It concludes with an attempt to offer a definition acceptable to scholars of jurisprudence. It is divided into three chapters: The lexical definition of qiyas. An elucidation of its lexical meanings and their relation to its technical meaning. The technical definition of qiyas, consisting of an introduction outlining the various scholarly stances. Thereafter, a separate section is devoted to each factor leading to a difference of opinions with regards to the definition of qiyas: -The first section discusses whether the definition of qiyas is available through a formal logical definition, or a description. -The second discusses whether qiyas is an action of the mujtahid or the creation of the Legislator. -The third outlines the opinions of the musawwiba (those who believe all instances of ijtihad are correct) and mukhatti a (those who believe that some instances of ijtihad may be incorrect). -The fourth outlines the ratio legis and the ruling for theoretical and substantive legal issues. -The fifth elucidates what is expressed by the subject and object of qiyas. -The sixth expounds whether the ratio legis is absolute or restricted. -The seventh takes into consideration whether the mujtahid>s point of view is restricted to the definition of qiyas. Each reason has been followed up with an exposition of its effects in relation to the definition of qiyas. The definition of qiyas selected by the author, and its explication are further divided into two sections comprising: -The definition selected and its elucidation. -The objections that may be levelled against this definition, and the refutation of those objections. The conclusion re-states the most important results reached.

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