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بطالة الشباب فى مصر

العنوان بلغة أخرى: Youth Unemployment in Egypt
المصدر: السكان : بحوث ودراسات
الناشر: الجهاز المركزي المصري للتعبئة العامة والإحصاء - مركز الأبحاث والدراسات السكانية
المؤلف الرئيسي: السيد، عايدة (مؤلف)
مؤلفين آخرين: صدقي، إيمان (م. مشارك)
المجلد/العدد: ع86
محكمة: نعم
الدولة: مصر
التاريخ الميلادي: 2013
الشهر: يوليو
الصفحات: 122 - 160
رقم MD: 606431
نوع المحتوى: بحوث ومقالات
اللغة: العربية
قواعد المعلومات: EcoLink
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المستخلص: Unemployment is a phenomenon which has social and economic effects. There is no doubt that the annual increasing of the unemployment rate considered an obvious wasting for the human capabilities and capacities, and that is considered as an extreme risk to the society over the time, where the human resources, especially the youth, considered the main source of the economic development and losing this resource becomes a real threat to the development progress. Therefore, the study focus on identifying the social and the economic characteristics of the unemployed youth to help the decision makers to find solution and make the right decision to reduce unemployment and achieving the balanced and comprehensive development. Objective of the study: The study aims to identify the following topics: 1- Characteristics of Unemployed youth in the age group (15- 29) years. 2- The contribution of Youth in the age group (15-29) years in the labor force. 3- Unemployment among youth in the age group (15-29) years. Results and recommendations: 1- Unemployment rate in 2011 reached 100% among females who obtained intermediate education in the urban of Upper Egypt compared to 3.3 % for males. 2- The highest unemployment rate reached 55.3% among females in the age group (20-24) years where the highest for males reached to 33.3 % in the age groups (15-19) years. 3- Reduction of the contribution in the labor force rate between the two years 2006, 2011 in the age group (15-19) years with a difference of 3.2% and between the two age groups (20-24 & 25-19) years with a slight difference 0.4%. 4- The unemployment varies according to the educational level, where the most important reason for unemployment was the lack of work which reached to 9.2 % for the illiterates and 10.2 % for the people who can read and write, and 26.8 for females who can read and write, but it is noticed that the reason of unemployment for who obtained intermediate education was the lack of suitable wage for male where it reached to 45.4% and for females was lack of work which reached to 39.2%. 5- The percentage of unemployed females at the age group (15 -29) years for a period less than 1 year reached to 15.5% compared to 37.5 % for males in the same age groups and 37.7% for the unemployed females for the period from one year to two years compared to 34.55% for males, and 46.7 % for the unemployed females in a period more than 2 years compared to 28% for males. 6- The percentage of unemployed youth who have never worked reached to 90.4% at the year 2006 increased to 92% in 2007, 2008 and decreased to 71.2% at the year 2011. 7- The unemployed youth who have never worked in the rural areas was higher than urban areas where it was 95% at rural compared to 86.3% at urban areas, and the same pattern prevailed for all years except the year 2011,where the urban was higher than the rural. 8- The percentage of youth in the labor force at the age group (15-29) years in 2011 decreased from 38.5% in 2006 to 36.6 % in 2011 at from the total of the labor force. Recommendations: a- Providing the suitable match between the high education outcomes and the labor market needs. b- Increasing the budget of the expenditure on education from the prospective of the investment in the human capital. c- Combining of policies and programs which targeting the employments issue and addressing the unemployment problem by providing accurate and appropriate data which monitor the he employment and unemployment status through monitoring the labor market indicators. d- Moving towards the improvement of small projects and micro projects especially for the woman headed households in the poor societies and rural ones as a way to reduce poverty and unemployment. e- Rerunning of the stalled and troubled factories and attracting more investments to face the unemployment among youth. f- Encouraging the youth to improve their capacities and skills that match the labor market needs.