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حكم العقود الفاسدة في ديار غير المسلمين

المصدر: مجلة دار الإفتاء المصرية
الناشر: دار الافتاء المصرية
المؤلف الرئيسي: عاشور، مجدي محمد محمد (مؤلف)
المجلد/العدد: ع 1
محكمة: نعم
الدولة: مصر
التاريخ الميلادي: 2009
التاريخ الهجري: 1430
الشهر: يوليو
الصفحات: 56 - 73
رقم MD: 166824
نوع المحتوى: بحوث ومقالات
قواعد المعلومات: IslamicInfo
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المستخلص: In the first chapter, the writer presented defined methodological definitions for the components of the title of his paper. Then, he probed the meaning of 'Fasad', invalidity according to Muslim Jurists. He argued that the majority of scholars do not differentiate between the two terms 'Fasid' and 'Batil', the Hanifi scholars, on the other hand maintain that "Fasid" is what was originally sound, but then one of its attributes became defected; yet, it could be validated by the removal of that attribute. "Batil" means what invalid in its essence, and, therefore, cannot be validated. Hanafi Scholars do not disagree with the majority of jurists regarding the prohibition of concluding an invalid 'Fasid' contract in a Muslim country. In non-Muslim countries, Hanafis, however, permit concluding an invalid contract, especially between Muslims and non-Muslims. The difference between the two groups stems from whether the Shari'ah rulings differ due to the difference of lands [Muslim and non- Muslim countries] or not. The majority of scholars maintain that the determining factor is the contracting person, while the Hanafis consider it to be the country [where the contract is concluded]. After discussing the evidence of the two groups, we prefer the opinion of the Hanafis that permits concluding 'Fasid' invalid contracts in non- Muslim countries, for this opinion is supported by the a general maxim approved by the Shari'ah; namely necessity and the removal of hardship.

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